Bletchley is an independent town laying to the south of Milton Keynes. It's name came from the Anglo Saxon Blecca’s Lea (meadow or clearing) and was originally bounded by the Roman Watling Street, the River Ouzel, an ancient Roman trackway and Rickley Lane.
Bletchley was originally a twin-centred village: around the parish church of St Mary’s and to the south-west around the area marked as Far Bletchley.
It grew up under the Normans, along with Water Eaton. Although connected throughout several centuries by land ownership and the church, these settlements did not grow together until the present century, when they joined with Fenny Stratford.
During the development of Milton Keynes, Bletchley provided some of the early vital services. In 2001 Parish Councils were formed for all areas under Milton Keynes Council. Bletchley was considered too large to be served by a single parish council and was split into two – West Bletchley Council and Bletchley & Fenny Stratford Town Council.
The area served by West Bletchley Council is bounded by Standing Way, the A5 to the North and the railway to the East.
During World War II, codebreakers at Bletchley Park decrypted and interpreted messages from a large number of Axis code and cipher systems, including the German Enigma machine. For this purpose, the Bletchley Park mansion, pictured above, was soon joined by a host of other buildings.